A Speech Therapist (SLP) assesses speech, language, cognitive function and swallowing skills to identify areas of deficit. These areas include articulation, fluency, voice projection, receptive and expressive language disorders in order to determine an evidenced based treatment plan.
Articulation disorders: a speech therapist will address difficulties that individuals may have when producing sounds in order to increase intelligibility to unfamiliar listeners.
Fluency disorders: Problems such a s stuttering in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions or prolongs sounds and syllables is another area addressed by a SLP
Resonance or voice disorders. A SLP will address problems with the pitch, volume or quality of the voice. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort when speaking.
Dysphagia/ feeding disorders: The therapist will evaluate and treat difficulties with drooling, eating and swallowing. This may involve exercise of the face, mouth and tongue. Another recommendation may be a modification of diet.
Receptive disorders: The speech therapist will work on the individual’s ability to understand and process language.
Expressive disorders: The speech therapist will address problems with one’s ability to put words together, decreased vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way
Audiological Screening: The speech therapist will perform a short screen to determine if a full audiological assessment is needed.