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Speech-Language Therapy

Speech Therapist (Speech-language Pathologist, SLP)

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) at Holsman Physical Therapy work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults.

  • Speech disorders occur when a person has difficulty producing speech sounds correctly or fluently (e.g., stuttering is a form of disfluency) or has problems with his or her voice or resonance.
  • Language disorders occur when a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings (expressive language). Language disorders may be spoken or written and may involve the form (phonology, morphology, syntax), content (semantics), and/or use (pragmatics) of language in functional and socially appropriate ways.
  • Social communication disorders occur when a person has trouble with the social use of verbal and nonverbal communication. These disorders may include problems (a) communicating for social purposes (e.g., greeting, commenting, asking questions), (b) talking in different ways to suit the listener and setting, and (c) following rules for conversation and story-telling. All individuals with autism spectrum disorder have social communication problems. Social communication disorders are also found individuals with other conditions, such as traumatic brain injury.
  • Cognitive-communication disorders include problems organizing thoughts, paying attention, remembering, planning, and/or problem-solving. These disorders usually happen as a result of a stroke, traumatic brain injury, or dementia, although they can be congenital.
  • Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) are feeding and swallowing difficulties, which may follow an illness, surgery, stroke, or injury.
  • Provide augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems for individuals with severe expressive and/or language comprehension disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder or progressive neurological disorders.
  • Work with people who don't have speech, language, or swallowing disorders, but want to learn how to communicate more effectively (e.g., work on accent modification or other forms of communication enhancement).

Our Speech Therapist (SLP) assesses speech, language, cognitive function and swallowing skills to identify areas of deficit.  These areas include articulation, fluency, voice projection, receptive and expressive language disorders in order to determine an evidenced based treatment plan.

Articulation disorders:  a speech therapist will address difficulties that individuals may have when producing sounds in order to increase intelligibility to unfamiliar listeners.

Fluency disorders:  Problems such a s stuttering in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions or prolongs sounds and syllables is another area addressed by a SLP

Resonance or voice disorders.  A SLP will address problems with the pitch, volume or quality of the voice. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort when speaking.

Dysphagia/ feeding disorders:  The therapist will evaluate and treat difficulties with drooling, eating and swallowing.  This may involve exercise of the face, mouth and tongue. Another recommendation may be a modification of diet.

Receptive disorders:  The speech therapist will work on the individual’s ability to understand and process language.

Expressive disorders:  The speech therapist will address problems with one’s ability to put words together, decreased vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way

Audiological Screening:  The speech therapist will perform a short screen to determine if a full audiological assessment is needed.

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