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Why do you need Holsman Physical Therapy?

Because we can help you regain your pain free movement back to life! 


The Holsman Physical Therapy Difference:

We treat you like family.

Welcoming and supportive environment.

Convenient locations close to your home with courtesy transportation for those who need it.

Appointments available the same day or within 24 to 48 hours. Early morning and late evening hours to fit your schedule

We'll go to your home when required through our Home Therapy House Calls.

We'll verify and bill your insurance for you.

State of the art equipment, vibrant and modern clinics.

Comprehensive, individualized treatment plans with hands-on therapy

Personalized communication with you and your doctor.

You'll appreciate that we can help you regain your pain free movement back to life when you have the following conditions (list courtesy of the American Physical Therapy Association Https://www.choosept.com/SymptomsConditions.aspx ) and so much more:



Achilles Tendinopathy / Achillis Tendinitis

Achilles tendinopathy is an irritation of the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendon pain is one of the most common types of pain felt behind the heel and up the back of the ankle when walking or running.

Acromioclavicular Joint (AC Joint) Injuries

Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Injury is a term used to describe an injury to the top of the shoulder where the front of the shoulder blade (acromion) attaches to the collarbone (clavicle).


Alzheimer's Disease / Dementia

Alzheimer's disease is a progressive condition that damages brain cells and affects how we speak, think, and interact with other people.

Above-Knee Amputation (Transfemoral Amputation) / Pre and Post- surgical Rehabilitation /Prosthetic Rehabilitation

Lower-limb amputation is a surgical procedure performed to remove a limb that has been damaged due to trauma, disease, or congenital defect.


Ankle Fracture

An ankle fracture occurs when a bone on 1 or both sides of the ankle is partially or completely broken. Most ankle fractures are caused by twisting injuries and falls, or injuries experienced during sports or play. Your physical therapist will work with you to safely put weight on your ankle, and begin treatment to help you return to your normal activity.


Ankle Impingement

Ankle impingement occurs when either soft or bony tissues are compressed within the ankle joint at the extreme end of a motion, such as pointing the foot sharply downward


Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprains are common injuries that occur when the foot twists or turns beyond its normal range of movement, causing the ligaments of the ankle to overstretch or tear.


Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory disease that causes pain and stiffness in the spine, pelvis, and other joints, like the hips, knees, feet, and shoulders. Physical therapists help people with AS maintain productive lives by working with them to increase their strength, muscle flexibility, and joint mobility, and to improve their posture.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear

An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is an injury to the knee commonly affecting athletes, such as soccer players, basketball players, skiers, and gymnasts. Once an ACL tear has been diagnosed, you will work with your surgeon and physical therapist to decide if you should have surgery, or if you can recover without surgery.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability resulting in social, communication, and behavioral challenges. No "standard" treatment exists for children with ASD. Each child's challenges and goals are different. Your physical therapist will design an individual program to meet the strengths and needs of your child.

Balance Problems

Balance problems make it difficult for people to maintain stable and upright positions when standing, walking, and even sitting. Physical therapists develop individualized physical activity plans to help improve the strength, stability, and mobility of people with balance problems. Ask about our HolStep fall prevention program.

Bell's Palsy

Bell’s palsy is a form of temporary facial paralysis that can affect a person’s daily function, communication with others, self-esteem, and quality of life.

Below-Knee Amputation (Transtibial Amputation)

Transtibial amputation, or below-knee amputation, is a surgical procedure performed to fully remove a lower limb that has been damaged due to trauma, congenital defect, or disease.

Benign Hypermobility Joint Syndrome

Benign hypermobility joint syndrome (BHJS) is a hereditary disorder of the connective tissues (ligaments) that results in joints becoming loose throughout the body (hypermobility). Physical therapists help those with the syndrome develop strategies to increase joint stability, reduce pain, and improve function.

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is an inner-ear problem that causes short periods of dizziness when your head is moved in certain positions.

Biceps Tendinitis

Biceps tendinitis is a common cause of shoulder pain and impingement (compression of tissue with movement), often developing in people who perform repetitive, overhead movements.

Biceps Tendon Rupture

A biceps tendon rupture occurs when the biceps muscle is torn from the bone at the point of attachment (tendon) to the shoulder or elbow.

Blount’s Disease

Blount’s disease is a growth disorder affecting the shin bone, also called the tibia, and is characterized by the lower leg turning inward, causing the leg to appear bowed below the knee.

Bunion (Hallux Valgus)

A bunion (hallux valgus) is a large bump on the side of the foot that develops at the base of the big toe.

Calf Strain

A calf strain is an injury to the muscles in the back of your leg, below the knee.


Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the body that causes destruction of normal, healthy cells. Cancer, and the treatments for it, can cause physical problems such as pain, numbness, swelling, weakness, loss of balance, and difficulty moving or walking. Physical therapists help people manage cancer-related problems, improve their health and functional abilities, and return to work and other activities.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common condition of the wrist and hand that can affect the use of the whole arm. Fortunately for most people who develop CTS, physical therapist treatment can often relieve pain and numbness and restore normal use of the hand, wrist, and arm without the need for surgery.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a broad term used to describe the effects on the development of motor skills caused by nonprogressive injuries to the developing brain. Physical therapists are experts in helping people with CP improve their physical functions. They can help them stay active, and healthy, and perform day-to-day tasks such as walking, operating a wheelchair, and getting in or out of a wheelchair to and from a bathtub, bed, or car.

Cervical Radiculopathy

Cervical radiculopathy is often referred to as a pinched nerve in the neck. It is characterized by radiating pain from the neck to the shoulder, shoulder blade, arm, or hand. A physical therapist can help alleviate the acute neck and arm symptoms that result from the condition, as well as improve general strength and function. Most cases of cervical radiculopathy are resolved with physical therapy and do not require surgery.

Childhood Leukemia

Leukemia, a cancer of blood-forming cells, is the most common cancer diagnosis in children. Physical therapists help children with childhood leukemia maintain strength and function, and reduce some of the effects of cancer treatment.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a condition categorized by generalized fatigue that persists for 6 months or longer, and is more intense than would be expected based on the effort a person regularly exerts. Because fatigue, pain, and weakness are all associated with CFS, physical therapist treatment will likely focus on improving short-term endurance and strength.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes breathing difficulty and leads to other systemic problems. Physical therapists can work with your pulmonary rehabilitation team or with you individually to help improve your exercise capacity, overall strength, and health and quality of life.

Chronic Pain Syndromes

Chronic pain is a condition that occurs when the brain concludes there is a threat to a person's well-being based on the many signals it receives from the body. This condition can and often does occur independently of any actual body tissue damage (due to injury or illness), and beyond normal tissue healing time. Physical therapists work together with chronic pain patients to lessen their pain, and restore their activity to the highest possible levels

Collarbone Fracture (Clavicle Fracture)

Clavicle fracture is a common shoulder injury, making up 4% of all fracture types and 35% of all shoulder injuries.

Compartment Syndrome

Compartment syndrome is a serious medical condition that occurs when there is increased pressure in the muscular compartment of the limbs. Physical therapy can be effective to help identify the factors that may influence the development of compartment syndrome.

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)

CRPS generally arises from a minor injury, such as a scrape, sprain, or strain and can result in the syndrome that is defined as being complex, regional (symptoms are generally in 1 region of the body), and painful. A multi-disciplinary approach to treatment is currently recommended, consisting of care from physicians, psychologists, and physical therapists.


Concussion is a traumatic brain injury that can cause lasting effects on brain tissue and change the chemical balance of the brain.

Container Baby Syndrome

A “container baby” is a newborn baby or young infant who is placed in a container, such as a car seat or stroller, for an excessive amount of time in a given day. A physical therapist can design an individualized treatment plan to address the problems of a container baby, and help build strength, restore movement, and address skeletal deformities.

Core Muscle Injury (Sports Hernia)

Core muscle injury, often misleadingly called a “sports hernia,” is a condition that mainly affects athletes who play soccer, hockey, football, and rugby, and who run track. It is more common in males than females.

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common nerve compression occurring in the arm. (Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common.)

Cuboid Syndrome

Cuboid syndrome is a condition caused by a problem with the cuboid bone, producing pain on the outer side, and possibly underside, of the foot.

De Quervain’s Tendinitis

De Quervain’s (dih-kwer-VAINS) tendinitis is a condition that causes pain and tenderness at the thumb side of the wrist, at the base of the thumb and forearm. Your physical therapist will review and evaluate how you use your hand and wrist for functional activity. Your physical therapist will try to help you identify what activities or positions that you use that may contribute to the problem

Degenerative Disk Disease

Degenerative disk disease (DDD) can be one cause of back and neck pain. However, DDD is part of the natural aging process, like getting gray hair, and in many cases is not painful at all.

Developmental Coordination Disorder

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a movement (motor) skill (or neuro-developmental) disorder unrelated to physical disorders such as cerebral palsy, or to intelligence disorders. Physical therapists work with children with DCD to improve muscle strength, coordination, and balance, and help them develop skills to improve their daily activities and quality of life.

Developmental Delay

Developmental delay describes the behavior of young children whose development in key mental and physical areas is slower than other children of the same age. The delay can be in any of a number of areas of development, such as movement (motor control), speaking, thinking, playing, or self-care skills.


In diabetes, the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Physical therapists help people with diabetes improve or avoid related problems, and can teach sedentary people how to add physical activity to their daily lives in safe, effective, and enjoyable ways.

Diastasis Rectus Abdominis

Diastasis rectus abdominis (DRA) is a condition in which the 2 sides of the abdominal muscle separate, as the tissue connecting them stretches.

Discoid Meniscus

A discoid meniscus is an abnormally shaped meniscus (cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee) present in 1% to 3% of people born in the United States. Your physical therapist will work with you to develop a plan to help achieve your specific goals.


Dizziness is a common problem, especially among older adults. It can cause a spinning sensation, a general feeling of unsteadiness, or can be described as "lightheadedness."

Down Syndrome

Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder in which babies are born with an extra copy of chromosome 21. Physical therapists work with individuals with Down syndrome from infancy through adulthood to help them function at their maximum potential and lead healthy, productive lives.

Elbow Bursitis

Elbow (olecranon) bursitis, commonly known as "baker’s elbow," "student’s elbow," or "Popeye elbow," involves swelling at the tip of the elbow, on the back of the arm.

Elbow Fracture

An elbow fracture is a bone break that occurs in the middle of the arm, in the area of the elbow joint.


Falls and a fear of falling can diminish your ability to lead a full and independent life. Although 1 in every 4 older adults falls each year, falling is not a part of normal aging. Based on the evaluation results, your physical therapist will design a plan that is tailored to your needs. Your treatment plan may include balance training.

Female Athlete Triad

Female athlete triad (triad) is a syndrome that can manifest across a broad spectrum, but involves the interrelationship between 3 measurable factors: (1) how much energy a woman has available to use for activity (energy availability), (2) the quality and strength of her bones (bone mineral density), and (3) her menstrual cycle.

Femur Fracture

A femur fracture is a break, crack, or crush injury of the thigh bone. Your physical therapist will design a specific treatment program to speed your recovery. This program includes exercises and treatments you should do at home to help you return to your normal life and activities.


Extensive research supports the use of education, aerobic exercise, and strengthening exercise to help improve fibromyalgia. But fear of pain often keeps people from beginning an exercise program. Your physical therapist can help you understand and manage your pain, reduce your fatigue, and improve your function and quality of life.

Frailty and Debility

Frailty is a syndrome of overall body weakness resulting in a loss of strength, flexibility, balance, and endurance. Debility is the loss of the ability to move around normally, or productively, in one’s home and community. Physical therapists help individuals experiencing frailty and debility restore their strength, flexibility, endurance, balance, and overall mobility, reduce their chronic pain, and improve their daily function.

Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis)

Adhesive capsulitis is the stiffening of the shoulder due to scar tissue, which results in painful movement and loss of motion.

Gait Dysfunctions

Gait dysfunctions are changes in your normal walking pattern, often related to a disease or abnormality in different areas of the body. Physical therapists are experts at identifying the root causes of gait dysfunctions, and designing treatments that restore gait.

Golfer's Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis)

Medial epicondylitis (commonly called golfer's elbow or thrower's elbow) is a condition that develops when the tendons on the inside of the forearm become irritated, inflamed, and painful due to repetitive use of the hand, wrist, forearm and elbow.

Greater Trochanteric Bursitis

Greater trochanteric bursitis (GTB) is one of the most common causes of hip pain.

Groin Strain

A groin strain is an injury to the groin—the area of the body where the abdomen meets the leg and the inner thigh muscles attach to the pubic bone.

Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune disorder that affects nerves and how they function in the body.

Hamstring Injuries

A hamstring strain injury occurs when 1 or more of the 3 hamstring muscles or tendons (at the back of the thigh) is torn, either partially or completely.


Pain of any type that occurs in any part of the head is called a headache. Most headaches are harmless and resolve on their own, although severe headaches that recur frequently can affect your ability to do your daily activities and can reduce your quality of life. Physical therapists can help determine the type of headache you have and are experts in managing pain from tension-type headaches.

Head-Shape Flatness in Infants: Plagiocephaly, Brachycephaly, and Scaphocephaly

Plagiocephaly, brachycephaly, and scaphocephaly are skull deformations caused by an infant lying in 1 position for too long. These conditions are also known as “flat head syndrome.”

Herniated Disk

Herniated disks are most common in the neck (cervical spine) and low back (lumbar spine). In the low back, disks may become damaged by excessive wear and tear or an injury.

Hip Bursitis

Hip bursitis is a painful condition that affects 15% of women and 8.5% of men of all ages in the United States.

Hip Impingement (Femoroacetabular Impingement)

Hip impingement involves a change in the shape of the surface of the hip joint that predisposes it to damage, resulting in stiffness and pain.

Hip Labral Tears

Hip labral tears occur when the labrum, a band of cartilage surrounding the hip joint, is injured. Labral injuries can be the result of trauma, such as a fall or a car accident, but are most commonly caused by repetitive stress to the hip joint. Individuals who participate in sports such as hockey, soccer, or long-distance running—which require extremes of motion, repetitive twisting, or sharp movements like "cutting"—are most often diagnosed with labral tears.

HIV Disease and AIDS

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that invades the body and attacks the immune system, leaving it vulnerable to further infection by microbes, bacteria, viruses, and fungi that cause various diseases and cancers. In 3% of that population, the disease has progressed to its later stages, and has developed into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Physical therapists help people with HIV address their problems and stay active, using therapeutic exercise, electrotherapeutic machines, and hands-on treatment techniques called “manual therapy” to restore strength, flexibility, endurance, and balance.


Hyperkyphosis is a spinal deformity that occurs when the natural forward-curving shape of the upper back becomes excessive. ain.

Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS or "IT Band Syndrome")

Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS), or "IT band syndrome" is one of the most common causes of knee pain, particularly in individuals involved in endurance sports. It accounts for up to 12% of running injuries and up to 24% of cycling injuries. ITBS is typically managed conservatively through physical therapy and temporary activity modification.


Urinary incontinence is any undesired leakage of urine that can occur during the day or night.

Infant Brachial Plexus Injury (Erb’s Palsy, Klumpke’s Palsy)

The brachial plexus is a network (bundle) of nerves in the shoulder and under the arm. The network is composed of the nerves that carry signals from the spinal cord to the shoulder, arm, hand, and fingers.

Infant Prematurity

Premature or preterm birth occurs at least 3 weeks before a baby’s due date. A physical therapist is an important family treatment partner for any child born prematurely. Physical therapy should begin as soon as possible after the birth, when the baby's health status allows it.

Inner Ear Trauma

Trauma—such as hitting your head in a fall or injuring your neck in a car accident—can damage the structures of your inner ear. Physical therapist treatment may include specialized exercises to decrease or eliminate dizziness, Improve balance, and restore clear vision when the head is moving

Jaw Fracture (Temporomandibular Joint Fracture)

A temporomandibular joint (TMJ) facture occurs when the mandible and/or temporal bone is broken near or through the TMJ, the joint connecting the jaw bone to the skull.

Knee Bursitis

Knee bursitis (also called prepatellar or infrapatellar bursitis) occurs when 1 or more of the many bursae (fluid-filled sacs) becomes damaged, irritated, or inflamed. Physical therapists treat individuals with knee bursitis to reduce their pain, swelling, stiffness, and any associated weakness in the knee or leg.

Knee Pain

Knee pain can be caused by disease or injury. Knee pain can restrict movement, affect muscle control in the sore leg, and reduce the strength and endurance of the muscles that support the knee.

Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) Sprain

Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) sprain occurs when the ligament on the outer side of the knee is overstretched. A physical therapist treats LCL sprains to reduce pain, swelling, stiffness, and any associated weakness in the knee or lower extremity.

Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease (LCPD)

Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease (LCPD), a hip disorder seen only in children, results from a disruption of blood flow to the head (or “ball”) of the long bone of the leg (the femur).

Low Back Pain

At any given time, about 25% of people in the United States report having low back pain within the past 3 months. Your physical therapist can help you improve or restore mobility and reduce low back pain—in many cases, without expensive surgery or prescription drugs.

Lower Extremity Stress Fractures

Lower extremity stress fractures are fractures of the bones in the lower legs or feet that occur with repeated activities.

Lumbar Radiculopathy and Sciatica

Lumbar radiculopathy (also known as sciatica or radiculitis) is a condition that occurs when a nerve in your low back is injured, pinched, or compressed, causing pain or other symptoms that can extend from the low back to the hip, leg, or foot.


Lymphedema is swelling generally in the arms or legs due to a blockage in your lymphatic system. Your physical therapist will serve as an important member of your health care team and will work closely with you to design a treatment program to help control the swelling and meet your goals for returning to your activities.

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the most commonly damaged ligament in the knee.

Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) Injury

Depending on the severity of medial patellofemoral injury, treatment may involve surgical reconstruction, followed by physical therapy. Physical therapists design treatment programs for individuals with MPFL injuries to help them gently restore their knee strength and function.

Meniscal Tear

Meniscal tears are common injuries to the cartilage of the knee that can affect athletes and nonathletes alike.

Meralgia Parasthetica (Bernhardt-Roth Syndrome)

Meralgia parasthetica, or Bernhardt-Roth syndrome, describes a condition in which numbness, tingling, or burning pain is felt in the outer portion of the thigh. No matter what the cause, a physical therapist can implement treatments to help manage your symptoms.

Multidirectional Instability (MDI) of the Shoulder

Shoulder instability is a common injury among people participating in contact and noncontact athletic activities.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, usually progressive, disease that primarily affects young adults. Physical therapists help people with MS regain and maintain strength, flexibility, and general fitness, and to live active, productive lives.

Muscular Dystrophies in Children

Muscular dystrophies include several genetic disorders that result in progressive muscle weakness and a loss of muscle mass, often termed muscle "wasting." Physical therapists design individualized treatment programs to help children with muscular dystrophy reach their full potential.

Neck Pain

Neck pain is pain felt in the back of the neck – the upper spine area, just below the head. When certain nerves are affected, the pain can extend beyond the back of the neck to areas such as the upper back, shoulder, and arm.


Obesity is a condition caused by the accumulation of excessive body fat. Nearly 100 million Americans are obese or overweight. Obesity is a worldwide epidemic. Physical therapists are experts in physical exercise, and can develop individualized physical activity plans for individuals who are overweight or obese to manage weight, prevent the development of obesity, or combat its effects.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease (OS) is an overuse injury causing pain in the knee area and often a visible growth just below the kneecap. Once other conditions have been ruled out and OS is diagnosed, your physical therapist will work with you to develop an individualized treatment plan tailored to your specific knee condition and your goals. The goal of physical therapy is to accelerate your recovery and return to pain-free activity.


Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and usually is caused by the deterioration of a joint. Physical therapist treatment has proven to be an effective treatment for OA, and may help you avoid surgery and use of prescription painkillers.

Osteoarthritis of the Hip

Hip osteoarthritis (hip OA) is the inflammation and wearing away of the cartilage of the hip joint. It can develop at any age, although it is more commonly diagnosed in older adults. Hip OA can make everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs, difficult.

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Osteoarthritis of the knee (knee OA) is a progressive disease causing inflammation and degeneration of the knee joint that worsens over time.

Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder

Shoulder osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition that occurs when the cartilage that lines the sides of the shoulder joint is worn or torn away. When someone develops shoulder pain, the first recommended treatment is physical therapy.

Osteoarthritis of the Spine

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the spine is a condition that usually occurs with aging and is typically diagnosed after age 50.

Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a condition that involves damage to the cartilage and underlying bone within a joint. OCD may be caused by repetitive trauma or from a single traumatic episode. If identified early, OCD is a condition that can be effectively treated by a physical therapist.

Osteomyelitis of the Jaw

Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone.

Osteopenia (Low Bone Mass)

Osteopenia, now called low bone mass, is a term used to describe lower-than-normal bone density or thickness. A physical therapist can help you prevent and treat low bone mass at any age by prescribing the specific amount and type of exercise that best builds and maintains strong bones.


Osteoporosis is a common disease that causes a thinning and weakening of the bones. Your physical therapist can develop a specific program based on your individual needs to help improve your overall bone health, keep your bones healthy, and help you avoid fracture.


Pain is one of the most common symptoms that may lead someone to seek the help of a physical therapist or other health care professional. Successful management of pain relies on an understanding of why someone feels pain. Physical therapy is proving to be one of the safest methods of treating and managing pain

Parkinson Disease

Parkinson disease (PD) is the second most common degenerative brain disorder affecting adults. (Alzheimer disease is the most common.) Physical therapists partner with people with PD and their families to manage their symptoms, maintain their fitness levels, and help them stay as active as possible.

Patellar Instability

Patellar instability is the term given to a range of injuries that occur when the patella, or kneecap, is displaced from its intended resting place. To treat patellar instability, physical therapists typically prescribe a combination of strengthening exercises to decrease pain and improve function.

Patellofemoral Pain

Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) refers to pain at the front of the knee, in and around the kneecap (patella).

Pelvic Fracture

A pelvic fracture is a crack or break in one or more bones in the pelvis.

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain is pain felt in the lower abdomen, pelvis, or perineum—the area beneath the pelvis that rests on a chair when we sit.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a condition affecting the nerves of the body that results in a variety of symptoms including pain, changes in sensation, and alterations in muscle activity. Treatment by a physical therapist can help reduce symptoms of PN in some cases, and reduce the effect the symptoms have on movements and activities to improve an individual's quality of life.

Peroneal Tendinopathy

Peroneal tendinopathy is a type of overuse injury that often occurs in athletes, like long-distance runners and basketball players.

Pes Anserine Bursitis

Pes anserine bursitis is a condition that produces pain on the inside of the knee and lower leg. It occurs most commonly in young people involved in sports (eg, running or swimming the breaststroke), middle-aged women who are overweight, and people aged 50 to 80 years who have osteoarthritis of the knee.

Phantom Limb Pain

Phantom limb pain is a painful or unpleasant sensation in a body part that has been surgically amputated or traumatically lost. Your physical therapist may provide hands-on treatment and other interventions and exercises.

Pitcher's Elbow (Medial Apophysitis)

Medial apophysitis, or pitcher’s elbow, is a condition that occurs as a result of an injury or irritation to the inside of the elbow, commonly affecting young athletes.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a condition causing heel pain. Supporting the arch, the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue connecting the heel to the ball of the foot, can become inflamed or can tear.

Plica Syndrome

Plica syndrome is an irritation of a small portion of tissue in the knee joint that is part of the joint capsule (synovial membrane).

Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury

Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury occurs when one of the ligaments on the inside of the knee is overstretched. Physical therapists treat PCL injuries to help reduce pain, swelling, stiffness, and any associated weakness in the knee or lower extremity.

Prader-Willi Syndrome

Prader-Willi syndrome is a complicated genetic condition that affects many body systems, and usually results in mild to moderate intellectual disability. Physical therapists partner with children born with Prader-Willi syndrome and their families to help them achieve their maximum potential, and to lead fulfilling lives.

Proximal Humeral Epiphysitis

Proximal humeral epiphysitis (PHE) is an injury to the shoulder of a throwing athlete who is still maturing physically. As movement experts, physical therapists are uniquely qualified to analyze an athlete’s throwing mechanics, evaluate muscle strength and movement patterns, and develop exercises to return the athlete to pain-free sports participation.

Proximal Humerus Fractures

A proximal humerus fracture is a serious injury to the humerus bone in the shoulder joint that requires immediate treatment to preserve function.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects approximately 1% of the United States population. A physical therapist can help manage the symptoms of RA, enhancing an individual's quality of life.

Rotator Cuff Tear

A rotator cuff tear occurs when injuries to the muscles or tendons cause tissue damage or disruption.

Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

Disorders of the rotator cuff and the tissues around it are the most common causes of shoulder pain in people over 40 years of age. Rotator cuff tendinopathy occurs when a shoulder tendon (a bundle of fibers connecting muscle to bone) is irritated and becomes sore

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) dysfunction is a lower back/pelvic condition that can result from joint stiffness (hypomobility) or slackness (hypermobility) at the sacroiliac joints in the pelvis.


Scoliosis is a condition that affects the normal shape of the spine, altering a person’s overall trunk alignment and posture.

Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)

Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a condition that causes pain on the inside of the shin (the front part of the leg between the knee and ankle).

Shoulder Bursitis

Shoulder bursitis is a painful condition that affects people of all ages. The condition tends to develop more in middle-aged, elderly, and individuals who have muscle weakness. Shoulder bursitis can have many causes, but the most common is a repetitive activity, such as overhead reaching, throwing, or arm-twisting, which creates friction in the upper shoulder area.

Shoulder Dislocation: Overview

A shoulder dislocation can occur with an injury such as when you “fall the wrong way” on your shoulder or outstretched arm, forcing the shoulder beyond its normal range of movement and causing the humerus to come out of the socket.

Shoulder Dislocation: Treatment After Surgery

Dislocations are among the most common traumatic injuries affecting the shoulder. Because the shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body and has such a wide range of motion, it is the joint most likely to dislocate.

Shoulder Impingement

Shoulder impingement syndrome occurs as the result of chronic and repetitive compression or “impingement” of the rotator-cuff tendons in the shoulder, causing pain and movement problems.

Shoulder Labral Tear

A labral tear can occur from a fall or from repetitive activities or sports that require you to use your arms raised above your head.

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is the most common hip disorder seen in adolescents.

Snapping Hip Syndrome

Snapping hip syndrome refers to a snapping or popping sensation that occurs in the side, front/groin region, or back of the hip (ie, the “sit bone”) when you forcefully lift, lower, or swing your leg.

Snapping Scapula Syndrome

Snapping scapula syndrome is a condition that involves the popping, grating, grinding, or "snapping" of bones and tissue in the scapula (shoulder blade) area when lifting and moving the arm. A physical therapist treats the pain, muscle weakness, loss of arm motion, and swelling of soft tissue that can occur with snapping scapula syndrome.

Spina Bifida

Spina bifida is a birth defect that develops when an infant's spinal cord does not completely close during the early stages of the mother's pregnancy. Physical therapists help children and adults with spina bifida gain and maintain mobility, and function at their best throughout all stages of life.

Spinal Compression Fractures

A compression fracture in the spine occurs when the vertebrae (small bones) that form the spine collapse or break.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common, inherited neuromuscular disease that causes low muscle tone (hypotonia) and progressive muscle weakness and wasting (atrophy). Physical therapists help children with SMA develop muscle strength and movement abilities to function at the highest level possible.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing within the vertebrae of the spinal column that results in too much pressure on the spinal cord (central stenosis) or nerves (lateral stenosis).


Spondylolysis (spon-dee-low-lye-sis) is a stress fracture of a section of the lumbar spine; most frequently the fifth vertebrae. A physical therapist can help you increase your spine and leg flexibility, strengthen your core muscles, and return to your sport, work, and recreational activities without a recurrence of symptoms.


Stroke (when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or ruptured) is the third leading cause of death in the United States, and is a leading cause of serious, long-term disability in adults. Physical therapists provide treatments for people who have experienced stroke to restore their movement and walking ability, decrease their disability, and improve their quality of life.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is a condition that develops when a nerve within the tarsal tunnel of the inner ankle is compressed. Physical therapists help people experiencing TTS to relieve their pain and restore their normal function.

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

Temporomandibular joint disorder, or dysfunction, (TMD) is a common condition that limits the natural functions of the jaw, such as opening the mouth and chewing.

Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)

Tennis elbow is a painful condition caused by overuse of the "extensor" muscles in your arm and forearm, particularly where the tendons attach to rounded projections of bone (epicondyles) on the outside or lateral aspect of the elbow.

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) is a potentially painful and disabling condition of the upper extremity.


Torticollis is a condition that occurs when the muscle that runs from the breastbone and collarbone up and toward the back of the neck becomes tight, weakened, or thickened, causing the chin to point toward one shoulder, while the head tilts toward the opposite shoulder.

Total Hip Replacement (Arthroplasty)

Total hip replacement (arthroplasty) is a common surgical intervention that is performed for severe arthritis or hip fracture when conservative treatments are ineffective.

Total Knee Replacement (Arthroplasty)

A total knee replacement (TKR), also known as total knee arthroplasty (TKA), involves removing the arthritic parts of the bones at the knee joint (the tibia, sometimes called the shin bone; the femur, or thigh bone; and the patella, or kneecap) and replacing them with artificial parts. The physical therapist is an integral part of the team of health care professionals who help people receiving a total knee replacement regain movement and function, and return to daily activities.

Total Shoulder Replacement (Arthroplasty)

Total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), often called a total shoulder replacement, is a surgical procedure in which part or all of the shoulder joint is replaced.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an injury disrupts the way the brain functions.

Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Tear

Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear is an injury to ligaments in the middle and outer side of the wrist.


"Trismus" is a term used to describe any number of conditions that cause an uncontrolled inability to open the mouth or jaw.

Turf Toe

Turf toe injury is an injury to the main joint of the big toe. The formal medical name for the condition is metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint sprain.

Ulnar Collateral Ligament (UCL) Injury

Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries generally occur when repetitive stress damages the inside of the elbow, compromising stability.


Vertigo is the sensation of spinning—even when you’re perfectly still, you might feel like you’re moving or that the room is moving around you.

Wrist Fracture

A wrist fracture is a break in one of the bones near the wrist, most frequently the radius.

Wrist Tendinitis

Wrist tendinitis is a condition that most commonly occurs in individuals who perform repetitive activities using the hand and arm. Physical therapists help people with wrist tendinitis reduce their pain, increase their wrist flexibility and strength, and return to their previous functional activities and sports.